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The Compendium of Sanitation Technologies in Emergencies provides a structured and user-friendly manual and planning guide for sanitation solutions in emergency settings. It supports and enables decision making by providing the necessary framework for developing a sanitation system design. It compiles a wide range of tried and tested technologies in a single document and gives concise information on key decision criteria for each technology, facilitating the combination of technologies to come up with full sanitation system solutions, all linked to relevant cross-cutting issues.
The free pdf-version can be downloaded here.
This study addressed the following problem statement: substantial cuts in funding for WaSH services for Syrian refugees living in ITS in the Bekaa are likely to produce a range of negative impacts in the areas of public health, livelihoods, protection and social stability. These negative impacts will affect not only Syrian refugees but also Lebanese communities. The impacts related to WaSH will create an additional burden for other sectors of assistance that are also weakened by funding constraints and less able to respond effectively. The findings of the study substantially confirm this statement.
Feasibility Assessment for Water Service Provision in ITS in Lebanon
This study builds an evidence base on the socio-economic and political causes and impacts ofcurrent water supply to both Lebanese citizens and ITS Syrian refugees, taking nine villages in North Bekaa as a case study area. The research is employed to unpack the obstacles to providing more sustainable solutions, namely extending piped public water to ITSs, focusing on the financial, social and legal feasibility requirements. In light of the study findings, a multi-level governance approach is recommended to address water supply to all concerned communities. With this, a Win-Win can be achieved. Humanitarian agencies would fulfil their commitment to providing proportional assistance to vulnerable Lebanese communities along with Syrian refugees, while supporting Lebanese governmental institutions, namely municipalities and RWEs, both of which are the integral to the country’s refugee response plan, the joint United Nations-Government of Lebanon Crisis Response Plan (LCRP). The study is the first of its kind to model supply, consumption and willingness-to-pay through a mixed-methods approach which encompasses social, political and economic aspects of municipal water provision in these nine villages.